The Florian Gate

An impressive remainder of the city walls


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The Florian Gate (or St. Florian Gate) is a 34.5 metre high medieval gate with a tower, situated in the Old Town, close to the Main Railway Station. It is a surviving fragment of the old city walls and is the only one of the eight Cracovian defensive gates that were preserved to our times.

The route to Kleparz, then a separate town and now a district of the city, ran through this gate and near St. Florian’s Church, and the Royal Route to Wawel also started here. The current form dates from the end of the XIII century to the beginning of the XIV, and is one of the most recognizable tourist attractions in Kraków. In the XIV century, it was shaped into a tall stone tower, of an almost square design. On the city side, it was protected by wooden gates, and on the outside – by wooden or iron bars. It gained a brick storey at the end of of the XV century, when the Barbican (part of the defensive outer walls) was being built. In the XVI century, the city stables were located inside the gate.

In the XIX century, it was saved from being destroyed by Feliks Radwański, who successfully fought for a section of the medieval fortifications to be left for future generations. Only this section of the wall, with the Florian Gate and the Pasamoników, Stolarska and Ciesielska towers, survived to this day. Attractive features of the gate today include the decorative reliefs designed by the 19th century Polish painter Jan Matejko, among others, and the classical altar with a late-baroque picture of Our Lady. On the first floor, there is a Czartoryski foundation Chapel with a neo-Gothic balcony. Another interesting aspect is the outdoor painting and art gallery near the gate. The gate is part of the Defensive Walls tourist route.  

Info:

Address: Pijarska, 30-547 Kraków
summer season (April–October)
Monday- Sunday 10:30 am-6:00 pm
Please note:  closed on the second Monday of the month and in the winter season (November – March)
WWW: http://www.mhk.pl/branches/city-defence-walls

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